Nipah virus kerala 2018 case study

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Cite This Article. We retrieved Nipah virus NiV sequences from 4 human and 3 fruit bat Pteropus medius samples from a outbreak in Kerala, India. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that NiV from humans was Nipah virus NiV was first reported from Malaysia in 1. Additional NiV outbreaks have occurred in Bangladesh 2 — 4 and India 5 , 6. NiV is a negative-sense enveloped RNA encoding for 6 genes nucleocapsid, phosphoprotein, matrix, fusion protein, glycoprotein, and polymerase 7 , 8.

How Sabith contracted Nipah virus: Kerala anthropologist traces first victim’s life

The next pandemic: Nipah virus? | Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance

A comprehensive study on the Nipah virus outbreak in Kerala has found that only the index case was infected in the community from fruit bats, but all other remaining cases were due to the transmission of the virus in three hospitals in Kozhikode district. The outbreak of the Nipah virus, a highly fatal emerging zoonotic virus, was reported in Kozhikode district during May-June this year. There had been 23 suspected cases of the disease. However, the laboratory could only confirm 18 cases, apart from the index case. The outbreak had 17 reported deaths. The samples of the index case, year-old Muhammed Sabith, were not sent for testing for Nipah virus.

Rapid Detection Accelerates India's Response to Nipah Outbreak

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Remember me. For years, scientists have warned the Nipah virus -- a brain-swelling disease 75 times more deadly than COVID -- could be the next pandemic. Knowing that this fruit bat-borne virus has the potential to trigger an epidemic, researchers at the Uniformed Services University USU have long studied the virus and recently reported on the development of a single-dose vaccine that, in preclinical trials, has proven effective against it as early as seven days after immunization. The Nipah virus first emerged in the late s, causing serious disease outbreaks in humans and livestock in Malaysia and Singapore. More frequent and recent Nipah outbreaks in Bangladesh, the Philippines and India have resulted in acute respiratory distress syndrome and encephalitis, person-to-person transmission, and greater than 75 percent case fatality rates among humans the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus that causes COVID and a fatality rate of less than one percent.

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